For sloped roofs, there are 5 general product types:
Asphalt shingles are commonly used because of their performance as well as their price. They’re categorized in different ways depending on their reinforcements and shapes. The shapes, or styles, of asphalt shingles are identified as Strip, Dimensional, and Luxury.
Strip Asphalt Shingles
Strip Shingles are the original and the most basic of roofing shingles available. They’re denoted by the fact that they are single layered roofing shingles, generally designed to look like slate. Strip shingles have a very flat appearance on the roof line and are typically the lightest weight roofing shingles available.
Dimensional Asphalt Shingles
Dimensional Shingles (also called Architectural or Laminated) are now the predominant roofing product installed in North America. They provide a thicker, richer appearance than Strip shingles, with a multi-dimensional look. This type of shingle is typically heavier than Strip shingles and usually has better warranty protections.
Luxury Asphalt Shingles
Luxury Shingles have upgrades to appearance and/or functionality. They may have designs that mimic natural slate or natural shake, providing enhanced aesthetic appeal. Patterns such as scalloped, fish scale, diagonal, or diamond can be achieved. Functional improvements might include Impact Resistance or Solar Reflectivity, which can possibly extend the life of the roof or provide lower energy costs.
Concrete tiles are made of portland cement, sand and water in varying proportions. The material is mixed and extruded on molds under high pressure. The exposed surface of a tile may be finished with cementitious material colored with oxide additives creating a roofing product that is beautiful and enduring with many styles and colors to choose from. Concrete tiles come in 3 general categories: High profile, Medium profile, and Low profile.
Features of concrete:
- Wide variety of colors
- Increased value
- Long term durability
- Built to withstand high winds
- Environmentally friendly
- Energy saving
- Easy to maintain and repair
- Class A Fire Rated
High Profile Concrete
Resembling the Spanish roofs found on early missions in California, it dramatically captures the rustic Old-World appearance.
Medium Profile Concrete
Replicates the most popular tile in the world, faithfully re-creating the beautiful Mediterranean style found in Italy and France.
Low Profile Concrete
Recaptures the rustic warmth and beauty of a traditional shake or slate roof. Accentuates any architectural style.
Clay tile is produced by baking molded clay into tile. The density of the clay is determined by the length of time and temperature at which it is heated. Tiles may be glazed and also may have surface texture applied. As a result, there are a wide variety of tile profiles, styles, finishes and colors available. Installation methods depend on the nature of the tile being installed; that is, whether it is two piece, one piece, interlocking or flat.
Clay tile has all the same features as Concrete tile with the additional benefit that the color doesn’t fade.
2 Piece Clay Tile
Two-Piece clay tiles have been the standard high-end roofing product for millenniums. We only use the highest quality clay tiles to ensure your roof will be the best it can be.
1 Piece Clay Tile
One-Piece S Mission Tile combines the Two-Piece system into a single piece, delivering the same traditional aesthetics, but using fewer tiles. This saves on cost and installation time.
Slate is an age-old roofing material. It’s a type of stone that readily splits like a deck of cards, which allows the fashioning of flat, long-lasting, beautiful stone shingles. It’s one of the highest quality, longest lasting roofing materials on the market.
Slate can be combined in many size, color, pattern, and texture variations. Roofing slates are commonly split so that the length of the slate runs in the direction of the natural grain. The surface texture of slate depends on the quality and the physical characteristics of the rock from which it was quarried.
"Synthetic" refers to manufactured roofing products that replicate asphalt shingles, concrete tile, clay tile, metal panels, slate, wood shakes and wood shingles. Synthetic roof coverings contain recycled rubber and/or plastic as a main ingredient.
There are some advantages to using synthetic roof coverings when compared to their traditional counterparts:
- Synthetic slate, or "fake slate," for example, weighs less than natural slate. The reduction in weight allows synthetic slate to be installed over conventional roof framing.
- Some synthetic products purport to be hail-, mold- and algae-resistant.
- Several synthetic cedar shake and cedar shingle manufacturers claim a labor savings, because fire-retardants or anti-algae coatings do not have to be applied to the product.
Despite the benefits, there are some significant drawbacks to synthetic roof coverings:
- Synthetic roof coverings are fairly new and there is no proven track record regarding their performance.
- Most synthetic products are manufactured with dyes or coloring agents and it is unknown whether these products will fade because of ultra-violet exposure andweathering.
- It also is unknown whether these products will become more brittle or less flexible over time.
- Most important, some building codes do not recognize synthetic roof coverings. You’ll need to check with your local building department before installing theseproducts.
- For these reasons, caution should be exercised when using synthetic roof covering products.